Act of God

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act of God

Religious beliefs potentially influence individual behaviour. But why are some societies more religious than others? One possible answer is religious coping: individuals turn to religion to deal with unbearable and unpredictable life events. To investigate whether coping can explain global differences in religiosity, I combine a global dataset on individual-level religiosity with spatial data on natural disasters.

Insurance: What exactly constitutes an "Act of God"? - CBS News

Individuals become more religious if an earthquake recently hit close by. Even though the effect decreases after a while, data on children of immigrants reveal a persistent effect across generations. The results point to religious coping as the main mediating channel, but alternative explanations such as mutual insurance or migration cannot be ruled out entirely. The findings may help explain why religiosity has not vanished as some scholars once predicted.

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Sign In or Create an Account. Sign In. Advanced Search. But why are some societies more religious than others? One possible answer is religious coping: individuals turn to religion to deal with unbearable and unpredictable life events. To investigate whether coping can explain global differences in religiosity, I combine a global dataset on individual-level religiosity with spatial data on natural disasters. Individuals become more religious if an earthquake recently hit close by.

Even though the effect decreases after a while, data on children of immigrants reveal a persistent effect across generations. The results point to religious coping as the main mediating channel, but alternative explanations such as mutual insurance or migration cannot be ruled out entirely. The findings may help explain why religiosity has not vanished as some scholars once predicted. Most users should sign in with their email address.

If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account?


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An act of God may amount to an exception to liability in contracts as under the Hague—Visby Rules ; [2] or it may be an "insured peril" in an insurance policy. By contrast, other extraordinary man-made or political events are deemed force majeure.

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Act Of God

In the law of contracts , an act of God may be interpreted as an implied defense under the rule of impossibility or impracticability. If so, the promise is discharged because of unforeseen occurrences, which were unavoidable and would result in insurmountable delay, expense, or other material breach. Under the English common law , contractual obligations were deemed sacrosanct, so failure to honour a contract could lead to an order for specific performance or internment in a debtor's prison. In , this harsh rule was softened by the case of Taylor v Caldwell which introduced the doctrine of frustration of contract , which provided that "where a contract becomes impossible to perform and neither party is at fault, both parties may be excused their obligations".

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In this case, a music hall was burned down by act of God before a contract of hire could be fulfilled, and the court deemed the contract frustrated. In other contracts, such as indemnification , an act of God may be no excuse, and in fact may be the central risk assumed by the promisor— e.

In many cases, failure by way of ignoring obvious risks due to "natural phenomena" will not be sufficient to excuse performance of the obligation, even if the events are relatively rare: e. Under the Uniform Commercial Code , , failure to deliver goods sold may be excused by an "act of God" if the absence of such act was a "basic assumption" of the contract, and the act has made the delivery " commercially impracticable ".

Recently, human activities have been claimed to be the root causes of some events until now considered natural disasters. In particular:. Such events are possibly threatening the legal status of acts of God and may establish liabilities where none existed until now.

Tyler Touché - Act Of God feat. Jason Gaffner (Robotaki Remix)

An act of God is an unforeseeable natural phenomenon. An act of God is described in Tennant v. Earl of Glasgow 2 M HL 22 as: "Circumstances which no human foresight can provide against, and of which human prudence is not bound to recognize the possibility, and which when they do occur, therefore, are calamities that do not involve the obligation of paying for the consequences that may result from them. In the law of torts , an act of God may be asserted as a type of intervening cause, the lack of which would have avoided the cause or diminished the result of liability e.

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